Family function, loneliness, regulation of emotions and hope in vocational secondary school students: a model of moderate mediation

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Public health front. October 4, 2021; 9: 722276. doi: 10.3389 / fpubh.2021.722276. Electronic collection 2021.


This study explored family function as a key factor in the loneliness, hope and emotion associated with vocational high school students during the novel coronavirus pandemic. Chinese versions of the Olson Family Function Scale, Russell Loneliness Scale, Snyder Hope Scale and Gross Emotion Regulation Scale were completed by 5,138 participants. The type of caretaker significantly predicted family function and loneliness. Family function was significantly and positively correlated with loneliness. The relationship between family function and loneliness was mediated by hope, and the expressive suppression at the same time moderated the relationship between hope and loneliness. Our study provides significant insight into the family function of Chinese secondary vocational school students. The results supported a moderate mediation model that illustrates the relationship between family function, loneliness, expressive suppression, and hope. Although the results showed that high hope mediated lower family functioning and loneliness, low expressive suppression immediately led to intense loneliness. This study confirms that emotional strategy is important and associated with mental health. It also suggests that schools should pay more attention to regulating students’ emotions and helping them rebuild hope or appropriate cognition to relieve loneliness during crisis events.

IDPM: 34671587 | PMC: PMC8520988 | DOI: 10.3389 / fpubh.2021.722276

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