The 9 Best Mortgage Lenders of 2022 for Borrowers with Low or Bad Credit
How to Get a Mortgage With a Low or Bad Credit Score
Lenders consider four main factors when reviewing a mortgage application:
The amount of debt you are carrying relative to the income you receive, also called your debt to income ratio or DTI.
Two or three positive factors can outweigh one negative factor. Here’s what you can do to improve each one and increase your chances of getting approved for a mortgage.
1. Credit score
Your credit score can determine the types of home loans you are eligible for, the interest rate you will be offered and the amount of down payment you will need to make.
Although you may qualify for a mortgage with a credit score as low as 500you’ll need to be able to afford a 10% down payment and you probably won’t get a good interest rate.
Improving your credit takes time, but a higher score can help you start your home loan on better terms, saving you money in the long run.
2. Debt to income ratio
To calculate your debt-to-income ratio, or DTI, a lender will divide your total monthly debts (like car payments or student loans) by your monthly income before taxes.
Most lenders are looking for a DTI of 36% or less. A lender who qualifies you with a higher DTI is likely charging you a higher interest rate.
You can reduce your DTI by paying off existing debts. As you prepare to buy a home and during the buying process, you should avoid incurring additional debt or making major purchases.
3. Work history
You cannot change your work history, but you can do your best to ensure that your employment status is stable before you start applying for mortgages. If you change jobs during the subscription period, it may affect the amount a lender is willing to lend you.
The amount of down payment you’ll need depends on the type of home loan you get. If you are in the military, you may be eligible for a mortgage backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. AV loans allow zero down payment. USDA Loanswhich are insured by the United States Department of Agriculture and intended to help low-income borrowers living outside of urban areas, also have no down payment requirements.
Loans backed by the Federal Housing Administration may be beneficial for borrowers with lower credit scores because FHA Loans tend to allow lower minimum credit scores. If your credit score is at least 580, you may be able to make a down payment as low as 3.5%. FHA loans also allow borrowers to use gift money to pay the down payment.
If you’re able to afford a higher down payment, it can help offset a lower credit score in the eyes of your lender. State sponsored home ownership programs provide down payment assistance and grants that can improve your ability to borrow.
The bottom line? Compare the prices. You may qualify for a home loan from some lenders but not others, and you’ll want to compare different offers. Look carefully at rates, fees, and other requirements to see which mortgage lender is giving you the best deal.